Russia is the largest country in the world, stretching from Poland to Korea and from the Polar Regions to the deserts Asia. It is also the country with the most number of neighbours in the world. Russia has more than thousand cities are located. Each city plays a unique part in the history and modern life of Russia and is interesting in its own way. So, if one wants to learn more about Russia, find out about customs and traditions of its citizens, he shouldn’t limit himself visiting only the largest and the most famous Russian cities. If one is interested in discovering the enigmatic “Russian spirit”, he might want to consider possibility of getting acquainted with smaller cities and towns of Russia. Exciting trips to these cities is a great chance to get pleasant memories and vivid emotions.
Russia is a country with interesting history. It is located in the eastern part of Europe and western part of Asia, so rich Russian culture has absorbed elements of both austere European and colourful orient traditions. Each city bears signs of synthesis and influence of two different cultures, which creates unique Russian style. The guests of the hospitable country have the opportunity to enjoy the beauty of sights and nature of Russia. The multifarious cities of Russia have much to offer. Ancient churches, cathedrals and monasteries, picturesque landscapes, commemorated by world-famous poets and writers, splendid palaces, various museums, containing superb collections of works of arts, – Russia offers these and other treasures to its visitors.
Russia gives an impression of the country, full of wonders and enigmas. Once visiting it, you probably would long for coming back over and over again to enjoy its irresistible charm. Russia has for many years been a land of mystery and intrigue to Westerners. For hundreds of years, depending on the direction of political winds, Russia has been an enigma, a friend, or an enemy of the West. It is a miraculous country and still mysterious to many foreigners, with many cultural and historic treasures, unspoiled nature; and industrious, bright and hospitable people.
Russia mothered Peter and Catherine the Great, Dostoevsky, Tolstoy, Pushkin, Tchaikovsky, Nabokov, among others, who have contributed to the rich cultural heritage. On this huge landmass there are many of the world’s greatest sights to discover. St. Petersburg and Moscow are surely exciting places to start your sightseeing of Russia, with world class museums, churches and other historic centres well worth exploring.
The Russian Federation – Russia is a democratic federal rule-of-law state with the republican form of government. It consists of republics, territories, regions, federal cities, an autonomous region and autonomous areas – equal subjects of the Russian Federation.
Term for Citizen(s):
Capital and largest city (2003 est.):
Moscow, 10,672,000 (metro. area), 10,101,500 (city proper).
Other large cities:
St. Petersburg, 4,582,300; Novosibirsk, 1,395,500; Nizhny Novgorod, 1,340,900; Yekaterinburg, 1,256,600; Samara, 1,146,800; Kazan, 1,113,600; Ufa, 1,096,600; Chelyabinsk, 1,080,000; Perm, 998,800; Volgograd, 984,200
Dmitry Medvedev (2008)
Vladimir Putin (2008)
Three equal-sized horizontal bands of white (top), blue and red.
Russian. Some people speak English, French, and German.
Russian 81.5%, Tatar 3.8%, Ukrainian 3%, Chuvash 1.2%, Bashkir 0.9%, Belarusian 0.8%, Moldavian 0.7%, other 8.1%
Orthodox Christian, Islam, Judaism, Buddhism.
17,075,200 square kilometers.
Broad plain with low hills west of Urals in European Russia and vast coniferous forests and tundra east of Urals in Siberia. Uplands and mountains along southern border regions in Caucasus Mountains. About 10 percent of land area swampland, about 45 percent covered by forest. Its land ranges from the highest mountains in Europe to some of the lowest spots in the world, and from Arctic tundra to seemingly endless plains.
Ranges from temperate to Arctic continental. Winter weather varies from short-term and cold along Black Sea to long-term and frigid in Siberia. Summer conditions vary from warm on steppes to cool along Arctic coast. Much of Russia covered by snow six months of year. Weather is usually harsh and unpredictable. Average annual temperature of European Russia 0°C, lower in Siberia. Precipitation low to moderate in most areas; highest amounts in northwest, North Caucasus, and Pacific coast.
Moscow and St. Petersburg are eight hours ahead of U.S. Eastern Standard Time and two hours ahead of Europe. Russia spans 11 time zones. The difference between Greenwich Meridian Time (GMT) and the time in some Russian cities are: Moscow and Saint Petersburg +3, Volga-river towns +4, Krasnoyarsk and Yenisey-river towns +7, Kamchatka +12.
Jan 1-2: New Year
Jan 7: Orthodox (Russian) Christmas
Feb 23: Day of Defender of Motherland
Mar 8: International Women’s Day
May 1-2: Spring and Labour Day
May 9: Victory Day
Jun 12: Russian Independence Day
Nov 7: National Accord Day
Dec 12: Constitution Day
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